Greek MyThOloGy WeEk!!!: The Monsters!!

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God??? Goddesses?? Heroes???

(_C_”)

Monsters in Greek Mythology

Argus

Argus may have had as many as one hundred eyes, which were located all over his body. Hera employed him as a guard. He was killed by Hermes. Afterward, Hera put Argus’s eyes in the tail of the peacock, her favorite bird.

Cerberus

Cerberus was a huge and powerful three-headed dog. He was owned by Hades, god of the dead, who used the fearsome hound to guard the entrance to the underworld. In his final labor, Hercules went to the underworld and kidnapped Cerberus.

Cyclopes

Each of the Cyclopes was gigantic and had a single eye in the middle of its forehead. The Cyclopes made lightning and thunderbolts for Zeus to use. The brutal Polyphemus, a Cyclops and a son of Poseidon, lived on an island, where he was blinded by Odysseus.

Gorgons

The Gorgons were horrifyingly ugly monsters who lived at the edge of the world. Their hair was made of serpents, and one look from a Gorgon’s eyes would turn a man to stone. Perseus killed the Gorgon Medusa by beheading her while looking only at her reflection.

 myth_hydraThe Hydra

Hydra

The Hydra was a massive and poisonous serpent with nine heads. Every time one head was injured, another two grew in its place. Hercules sought out the monster in its dark marsh and succeeded in destroying it.

Minotaur

The Minotaur was a man-eating monster with the head of a bull. King Minos kept it hidden in a labyrinth (a maze) in Knossos, on the island of Crete, where he used it to frighten his enemies. Theseus killed the Minotaur.

 myth_minotaurThe Minotaur

Scylla and Charybdis

The powerful monsters Scylla and Charybdis lived together in a sea cave. Scylla had many fierce dog heads and ate sailors alive; Charybdis created whirlpools by sucking in and spitting out seawater. Both Jason and Odysseus safely traveled by these monsters.

Sirens

The Sirens were giant, winged creatures with the heads of women. They lived on rocks on the sea, where their beautiful singing lured sailors to shipwreck. Odysseus filled his sailors’ ears with wax so that they might sail safely past the Sirens.

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GREEK MYTHOLOGY week!!!: Heroes in Greek Mythology :D

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Heroes in Greek Mythology

Achilles

Achilles was the strongest and most fearless warrior in the Greek war against the Trojans. As an infant his mother dipped him into the River Styx, which made him invulnerable everywhere but the heel by which she held him. For ten years Achilles was a great hero in the Trojan War. But in the end Paris, son of the Trojan king, fatally wounded Achilles in the heel. Today, the tendon that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone is called the Achilles tendon, and a small but dangerous weakness is known as an “Achilles heel.”

See also: Achilles: The Angry Young Hero.

Hercules (Herakles)

 

 myth_hercules

Brave and powerful Hercules is perhaps the most loved of all Greek heroes. The son of Zeus and Alcmene (a granddaughter of Perseus), Heracles grew up to become a famed warrior. But Zeus’s jealous wife, Hera, made him temporarily insane, and he killed his wife and children. As punishment Heracles performed twelve seemingly impossible labors (see The Twelve Labors of Hercules), which have been the subject of countless works of art and drama. Heracles is often depicted wearing a lion skin and wielding a club.

See also: The Labors of Heracles.

Jason

Jason was the leader of the Argonauts, the 50 heroes who sailed in search of the Golden Fleece. Jason’s uncle, Pelias, had stolen the kingdom that should belong to Jason. He promised to return it only if Jason would bring home the Golden Fleece—the wool from the magical winged ram that became the constellation Aries. On their journey Jason and the Argonauts faced down such dangers as the deadly singing Sirens. They ultimately captured the fleece with the help of the sorceress Medea, who became Jason’s wife.

See also: Crimes of Passion: Jason, Medea, and the Argonauts.

Odysseus (Ulysses)

 myth_odysseus

King of Ithaca and a celebrated warrior, Odysseus helped the Greeks triumph in the Trojan War. Afterward he journeyed nearly ten years to return home to Ithaca and his wife Penelope. Along the way Odysseus’s courage and cleverness saved him and his men from such monsters as the Cyclops Polyphemus, the Sirens, and Scylla and Charybdis. Back in Ithaca, Odysseus proved his identity to Penelope and once again ruled his homeland. These adventures are told in Homer’s epic poem, the Odyssey.

See also: Odysseus.

Perseus

The son of Zeus and Danaë, Perseus completed dangerous feats with his quick thinking and talents as a warrior. Most famous was his slaying of the Gorgon Medusa. Because looking directly at the monstrous Medusa would turn a man to stone, Perseus killed her while watching her reflection in a mirror. After beheading the Gorgon with his sword he kept her head in his satchel. Later, to save the princess Andromeda from being eaten by a sea monster, Perseus pulled out Medusa’s head and turned the creature to stone.

See also: The Model Hero: Perseus.

Theseus

Theseus was known for his triumph over numerous monsters, especially the Minotaur, which lived in a labyrinth on the island of Crete. Every year the people of Athens had been forced to send fourteen young people for the Minotaur to eat alive. But Theseus, using a ball of magic thread from the princess Ariadne, found his way in and out of the labyrinth and killed the beast. Theseus was the son of either Aegeus, king of Athens, or the sea god Poseidon. In later life he became king of Athens and a famous warrior.

 

GREEK MYTHOLOGY week! (english version): GOD and GODDESSES

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Helloooooo Readers!!!!!

Long time no see.. 😀

Do you like Greek??

Do you like Greek Mythology???

(tik… tok… tik… tok…)

Hmmmmmmmmmmmmmm……

I think, some of you Love it very much or so much or really much or anything you want to express… and maybe some of you don’t.

but, today I want to give you a list.. 😀

I took it from : http://www.gods-and-monsters.com

This is not Shopping list! Check it out… 😀

gods

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – A

  • Achelois – One of the moon goddesses.
  • Achelous – The patron god of the Achelous river.
  • Aeolus – (a.k.a. Aeolos, Aiolos, Aiolus, Eolus) God of air and the winds.
  • Aether – (a.k.a. Aither, Akmon, Ether) God of light and the atmosphere.
  • Alastor – God of family feuds.
  • Alcyone – One of the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione.
  • Alectrona – Early Greek goddess of the sun.
  • Amphitrite – (a.k.a. Salacia) The wife of Poseidon and a Nereid.
  • Antheia – Goddess of gardens, flowers, swamps, and marshes.
  • Aphaea – (a.k.a. Aphaia) A Greek goddess who was worshipped exclusively at a single sanctuary on the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf.
  • Aphrodite – (a.k.a. Anadyomene, Turan, Venus) Goddess of love and beauty.
  • Apollo – (a.k.a. Apollon, Apulu, Phoebus) God of the sun, music, healing, and herding.
  • Ares – (a.k.a. Enyalius, Mars, Aries) God of chaotic war.
  • Aristaeus – (a.k.a. Aristaios) Patron god of animal husbandry, bee-keeping, and fruit trees.
  • Artemis – (a.k.a. Agrotora, Amarynthia, Cynthia, Kourotrophos, Locheia, Orthia, Phoebe, Potnia Theron) Goddess of the moon, hunting, and nursing.
  • Asclepius – (a.k.a. Aesculapius, Asklepios) God of health and medicine.
  • Astraea – The Star Maiden – a goddess of justice, included in Virgo and Libra mythologies.
  • Até – Goddess of mischief.
  • Athena – (a.k.a. Asana, Athene, Minerva, Menerva) Goddess of wisdom, poetry, art, and the strategic side of war.
  • Atlas – The Primordial Titan who carried the world on his back.
  • Atropos – (a.k.a. Aisa, Morta) One of The Fates – She cut the thread of life and chose the manner of a persons death.
  • Attis – The (minor) god of rebirth.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – B

  • Bia – The goddess of force.
  • Boreas – (a.k.a. Aquilo, Aquilon) The North Wind. One of the Anemoi (wind gods).
  • Brizo – Protector of Mariners.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – C

  • Caerus – (a.k.a. Kairos, Occasio, Tempus) The (minor) god of luck and opportunity.
  • Calliope – One of the Muses. Represented epic poetry.
  • Calypso – (a.k.a. Kalypso) The sea nymph who held Odysseus prisoner for seven years.
  • Castor – (a.k.a. Castore, Kastor) One of the twins who represent Gemini.
  • Celaeno – The name of a wife of Poseidon.
  • Cerus – The wild bull tamed by Persephone, made into the Taurus constellation.
  • Ceto – (a.k.a. Keto) a sea monster goddess who was also the mother of other sea monsters.
  • Chaos – (a.k.a. Khaos) The nothingness that all else sprung from.
  • Charon – (a.k.a. Charun) The Ferryman of Hades. He had to be paid to help one cross the river Styx.
  • Chronos – (a.k.a. Chronus, Khronos) God of time.
  • Circe – (a.k.a. Kirke) A goddess who transformed her enemies into beasts.
  • Clio – One of the Muses. She represented History.
  • Clotho – (a.k.a. Nona) One of the Fates – Spun the thread of life from her distaff onto her spindle.
  • Crios – The crab who protected the sea nymphs, made into the Cancer constellation.
  • Cronus – (a.k.a. Cronos, Kronos, Saturn) God of agriculture, father of the Titans.
  • Cybele – (a.k.a. Agdistis, Magna Mater, Meter, Meter Oreie) Goddess of caverns, mountains, nature and wild animals.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – D

  • Demeter – (a.k.a. Ceres, Demetra, Tvath) Goddess of the harvest.
  • Dinlas – Guardian of the ancient city of Lamark, where wounded heroes could heal after battle.
  • Dionysus – (a.k.a. Bacchus, Dionysos, Liber) God of wine and pleasure.
  • Doris – A Sea Nymph, mother of the Nereids.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – E

  • Eileithyia – (a.k.a. Eileithyiai, Eilithia, Eilythia, Eleuthia, Ilithia, Ilithyia, Lucina) Goddess of childbirth.
  • Eireisone – The deity who embodied the sacred ceremonial olive branch.
  • Electra – (a.k.a. Atlantis) One of the seven Pleiades.
  • Elpis – (a.k.a. Spes) The spirit of Hope.
  • Enyo – (a.k.a. Bellona) A (minor) goddess of war, connected to Eris.
  • Eos – (a.k.a. Aurora, Eosphorus, Mater Matuta, Thesan) Goddess of the Dawn.
  • Erato – One of the Muses – represents Lyrics/Love Poetry.
  • Erebus – (a.k.a. Erebos) God of darkness.
  • Eris – (a.k.a. Discordia) Goddess of strife, connected to Enyo.
  • Eros – (a.k.a. Amor, Cupid, Eleutherios) God of love, procreation and sexual desire.
  • Eurus – (a.k.a. Euros, Vulturnus) The East Wind – One of the Anemoi (wind gods).
  • Euterpe – One of the Muses – represents Music/Lyrics/Poetry.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – G

  • Gaia – (a.k.a. Celu, Gaea, Terra) Goddess of the Earth, also known as Mother Earth.
  • Glaucus – (a.k.a. Glacus, Glaukos) A fisherman turned immortal, turned Argonaut, turned a god of the sea.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – H

  • Hades – (a.k.a. Aita, Dis Pater, Haidou, Orcus, Plouton, Pluto) God of the Dead, King of the Underworld.
  • Harmonia – (a.k.a. Concordia) Goddess of Harmony and Concord.
  • Hebe – (a.k.a. Juventas) Goddess of youth.
  • Hecate – (a.k.a. Hekat, Hekate, Trivia) Goddess of magic, witchcraft, ghosts, and the undead.
  • Helios – (a.k.a. Sol) God of the Sun.
  • Hemera – (a.k.a. Amar, Dies, Hemere) Goddess of daylight.
  • Hephaestus – (a.k.a. Hephaistos, Vulcan, Sethlans, Mulciber) God of fire and blacksmithing who created weapons for the gods.
  • Hera – (a.k.a. Juno, Uni) Goddess of goddesses, women, and marriage and wife of Zeus.
  • Heracles – (a.k.a. Herakles, Hercules, Hercle) An immortal hero of many Greek legends, the strongest man on Earth.
  • Hermes – (a.k.a. Pyschopompus, Mercury, Turms) God of commerce and travel, and messenger of the gods.
  • Hesperus – (a.k.a. Hesperos, Vesper) The Evening Star.
  • Hestia – (a.k.a. Vesta) Greek goddess of the home and fertility. One of the Hesperides.
  • Hygea – (a.k.a. Hygieia, Salus) Goddess of cleanliness and hygeine.
  • Hymenaios – (a.k.a. Hymenaeus, Hymen) God of weddings.
  • Hypnos – (a.k.a. Somnus) God of sleep.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – I-L

  • Iris – Goddess of rainbows.
  • Khione – The goddess of snow and daughter of the North Wind (Boreas).
  • Kotys – (a.k.a. Cotys, Cottyto, Cottytus) A Dionysian goddess whose celebrations were wild and liscivious.
  • Kratos – A god of strength and power.
  • Lacheses – (a.k.a. Decima) One of the Fates. Measured the thread of life with her rod.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – M

  • Maia – (a.k.a. Mya, Fauna, Maia Maiestas, Bono Dea) One of the seven Pleiades, Goddess of fields.
  • Mania – (a.k.a. Mania, Manea) Goddess of insanity and the dead.
  • Melpomene – One of the Muses – represented Tragedy.
  • Merope – One of the seven Pleiades, married to king Sisyphos.
  • Metis – Titan goddess of wisdom.
  • Momus – (a.k.a. Momos) God of satire, writers, and poets.
  • Morpheus – God of dreams and sleep.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – N-O

  • Nemesis – (a.k.a. Rhamnousia, Invidia) Goddess of retribution (vengeance).
  • Nereus – (a.k.a. Phorcys, Phorkys) Titan God who Fathered the Nereids. God of the Sea before Poseidon.
  • Nike – (a.k.a. Victoria, Nice) Goddess of victory.
  • Notus – (a.k.a. Auster) The South Wind. One of the Anemoi (wind gods).
  • Nyx – (a.k.a. Nox) Goddess of night.
  • Oceanus – Titan god of the ocean.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – P

  • Pallas – A giant who was one of the ancient Titan gods of war.
  • Pan – (a.k.a. Faunus, Inuus) God of woods, fields, and flocks. Also a Satyr.
  • Peitha – (a.k.a. Peitho, Suadela) Goddess of persuasion.
  • Persephone – (a.k.a. Persephassa, Persipina, Persipnei, Persephatta, Proserpina, Kore, Kora, Libera) Goddess of the Spring who lives off-season in the Underworld.
  • Pheme – (a.k.a. Fama) Goddess of fame and gossip.
  • Phosphorus – (a.k.a. Phosphor, Lucifer) The Morning Star.
  • Plutus – God of wealth.
  • Pollux – (a.k.a. Polydeuces) One of the twins who represent Gemini.
  • Polyhymnia – One of the Muses – represents sacred poetry and geometry.
  • Pontus – (a.k.a. Pontos) Ancient god of the deep sea.
  • Poseidon – (a.k.a. Neptune, Nethuns, Neptunus) God of the sea and earthquakes.
  • Priapus – (a.k.a. Priapus, Mutinus, Mutunus) A (minor) god of gardens and fertility, best known for having an enormous penis.
  • Pricus – The immortal father of sea-goats, made into the Capricorn constellation.
  • Proteus – An early sea god before Poseidon.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – R-S

  • Rhea – (a.k.a. Cybele) Goddess of nature.
  • Selene – (a.k.a. Luna) Goddess of the Moon and the ‘mother’ of vampires.
  • Sterope – (a.k.a. Asterope) One of the seven Pleiades, who bore a child of Ares.
  • Styx – A Naiad who was the first to aid Zeus in the Titan war. (Not to be confused with the river Styx).

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – T

  • Tartarus – (a.k.a. Tartaros, Tartarizo) God of the depths of the Underworld – a great storm pit – and the father of Typhon.
  • Taygete – (a.k.a. Taygeti, Taigeti) One of the seven Pleiades, a mountain nymph.
  • Terpsichore – One of the Muses – represented Dancing.
  • Thalia – One of the Muses – represented Comedy.
  • Thanatos – (a.k.a. Mors) God of death.
  • Themis – Ancient goddess of divine order, law, and custom.
  • Thetis – Leader of the Nereids, a shapeshifter, and a prophet.
  • Triton – (a.k.a. Triton) Trumpeter of the sea and messenger of the deep.
  • Tyche – (a.k.a. Fortuna, Nortia) Goddess of fortune and prosperity.
  • Typhon – (a.k.a. Typhaon, Typhoeus, Typhus) God of monsters, storms, and volcanoes. Challenged Zeus for control of Mount Olympus.

List of Greek Gods and Goddesses – U-Z

  • Urania – One of the Muses – represented Astronomy and Astrology.
  • Uranus – (a.k.a. Ouranos, Caelus) God of the sky and the heavens. Father of the Titans.
  • Zelus – The god of zeal, rivalry, and jealousy.
  • Zephyrus – (a.k.a. Zephyros, Favonius, Zephyr) The West Wind. One of the Anemoi (wind gods).
  • Zeus – (a.k.a. Dias, Jupiter, Tinia, Jove, Jovis Pater) Leader of the Olympic gods, and god of lightning, thunder, and the heavens.